Basic concepts, terms and definitions

Basic concepts, terms and definitions adopted in the framework of the International youth contest of scientific, scientific-practical and Scientific-fiction works «Horizon-2100»

Scientific research — It is a purposeful process of studying and analyzing scientific knowledge, information, facts, events and observations, searching for a new one, discovering the unknown, as a result of which a hypothesis is formed.

Scientific hypothesis — It is a generalized theoretical statement or assumption whose decision about the truth of which has not yet been made by the scientific community.

Forecasting — a scientific study of the prospects for the development of various scenarios of the possible future of humanity; conducted based on historical patterns, social trends and technological advances.

Scientific worka scientific article reflecting the scientific hypothesis formed by the researcher, description of a scientific study and its results.

Scientific-practical work — a a scientific article reflecting the scientific hypothesis formed by the researcher, description of a scientific-practical study and its results or scientific-practical development aimed at the practical solution of technical and social problems.

Sci-fi worksci-fi story, essay, reportage, journalism, etc. created by author based on fantastic assumptions in the field of science, describing innovative and original ideas, fantastic events, phenomena and processes, and giving them not a supernatural, but a scientific explanation.

The international youth competition of scientific, scientific, practical and sci-fi works “HORIZON-2100” — a competition of works by young people aged 16 to 26 years, reflecting a scientific vision or giving a sci-fi picture about the future of the planet and humanity at the turn of 2100 and the prospects for the development of its various scenarios.

A feature of the HORIZON-2100 Competition in 2020 the admission to the competition also of scientific, research, scientific and practical work or engineering start-ups aimed at overcoming the threats facing the world and / or building a sustainable future for humanity for the period until 2045 (UN centenary year)

Application — a set of documents that meets the requirements of this Contest, sent by the Participant to the Organizer of the Contest.

The Organizerthe Center for Modeling the Future, a non-profit organization that initiated and implements the Project, vested with the rights to determine the terms, procedure and conditions for the competition and the Project as a whole, form the Tender Commission, perform other actions related to the conduct and organization of the Competition and the successful implementation of the Project.

The Organizing Committee  — the managing body created for the purpose of organizing and conducting the Competition and formed from among scientific, creative and public figures, representatives of government bodies, business circles and Organizers, consists of the Chairman, Executive Secretary and members of the Organizing Committee.

Competitive documentation — is a set of documents that contain requirements and background information for potential participants of the Contest, including:

— application form;

— list of documents attached to the application;

— an information letter about the Contest, containing information on the terms, conditions, procedure for submitting papers to the Contest, summing up, awarding and encouraging the winners;

— Regulations of the Contest.

Contest Regulations — a regulatory document regulating the organization and conduct of the Contest, approved by its organizers.

The international expert council and specialized expert commissions — are collegiate bodies formed by the organizers for reviewing works submitted to the Contest from among — graduate students and young scientists — specialized specialists in each area. Candidates of authoritative subject matter experts corresponding to the areas of the Contest, or members of the Organizing Committee are nominated for the position of chairmen of relevant expert commissions.

The international competitive jury — is a collegial body formed by the organizers from among the chairmen of relevant expert commissions to sum up the results and determine the winners.

The participants of the Contest —  are youth, schoolchildren and students aged from 16 to 26 years who carry out research, development and / or sci-fi literary works in the subject area of ​​the Contest.

The winners of the Contest — are the participants who took the I, II, III places in each nomination and each profile direction. Winners at the end of the Contest become laureates or winners.

Diploma winners —  are all winners, taking first, second and third places. Diploma winners are awarded diplomas.

Winner — the winner, who took first place in the nomination for the total aggregate points. The winner is awarded a Grand Prix diploma.

Plagiarism — the use of someone else’s text published in paper or electronic form, including:

— without full reference to the source;

— with references, however, the scope and nature of borrowings in which cast doubt on the independence of the work performed or one of its sections.

Offer — according to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation Article 435:

An offer is a proposal addressed to one or several specific persons, which is quite definite and expresses the intention of the person who made the offer to consider himself to have concluded an agreement with the addressee, who will accept the offer.

The offer must contain the essential terms of the contract.

The offer binds the person who sent it from the moment of its receipt by the addressee.

If the notice of revocation of an offer has been received earlier or at the same time as the offer itself, the offer is considered not received.